.. devii maahaatmyam english translation ..
.. devii maahaatmyam angrezii bhaavaartha ..####
700 Slokas on Sri Durg
from MarkaNDeya PuraaNa
Navaratri is celebrated four times a year. They are Ashada Navaratri,
the Sharada Navaratri, the Maha Navaratri and the Vasantha Navaratri.
Of these, the Sharada Navaratri of the month of Puratashi and
the Vasantha Navaratri of the Vasantha kala are very important. If you
refer to the agni purana, then it is said that the Puratashi and Panguni
(in Tamil months) i.e. Asvin and Chaitra are like the two jaws of
Lord Yama. If one wants to escape the mouth of Yama, then one should
celebrate Navaratri on these two occasions. A similar analogy is presented in the
devi bhagavatam. Devi bhagavatam also talks in detail on how one should
observe fasts, and how one should meditate/work on these days.
According to legend, Durga sat on the tip of a needle for nine
days, doing a severe penance to destroy the evil Asura Mahisha. On the
first three days, she meditated as Herself, the next three days as
Mahalakshmi and the last three days as Sarasvati. This signifies
progression from tamsik, to rajasik to satvik and eventually obtaining
liberation. The tenth day during Sharada Navaratri is called vijayadashami
to signify the victory on the day of dashami.
It is, however, a long tradition that one reads the devi-bhagavatam or
the devi mahatmyam (Durga saptasati, 700 verses on Durga) during this
period. Devi bhagavatam notes that Rama meditated and fasted for nine days
after Sita was kidnapped by Ravana. There are numerous such incidents on
how people's wishes were granted.
The reading of Devi Maahaatmyam during Navaraatri is to be done follows:
Chapter 1 (Madhu kaitabha samhaara) is to be read for 1st day,
ch 2 thru 4 (Mahishhasura samhaara) to be read on 2nd day,
ch 5 and 6 (Dhuumralochana vadha) on the 3rd day,
ch 7 (Chanda Munda vadha) on 4th day,
ch 8(Rakta biija samhaara) on 5th day,
ch 9 and 10 (Shumbha Nishumbha vadha) on 6th day,
ch 11(Praise of Narayani) on 7th day,
ch 12 (Phalastuti) on 8th day,
ch 13 (Blessings to Suratha and the Merchant)on 9th day
ch 14 (aparaadha xamaapaNa) on 10th day
Based on emails from S. A. Bhandarkar and M. Giridhar
The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha
Meditation of Mahakali
I resort to Mahakali, who has ten faces, ten legs and holds in her hands
the sword, disc, mace, arrows, bow, club, spear, missile, human head and
conch, who is three-eyed, adorned with ornaments on all her limbs, and
luminous like a blue jewel, and whom Brahma extolled in order to destroy
Madhu and Kaitabha, when Vishnu was in (mystic) sleep.
Markandeya said ( to his disciple Krasustuki Bhaguri):
\footnoteSavarni was so called because he was the son of Savarna, Surya's
wife. He became King Suratha in the second (Svarocisa) manvantara.
son of Surya, is called the eighth Manu. Listen , while I describe in
detail about his birth, how Savarni, illustrious son of Surya, became
the lord of the (eighth) Manvantara
\footnoteOne cycle of creation is divided into fourteen manvantaras. The
period ruled over by one Manu is called a Manvantara. There are,
therefore, fourteen Manus as follows: Svayambhuva, Svarocisa, Uttama,
Tamasa, Raivata, Caksusa, Vaivasvata, Savarni, Daksha-savarni,
Brahma-savarni, Dharma-savarni, Rudra-savarni, Deva-savarni, and
by the grace of Mahamaya
\footnoteOne of the names of the Divine Mother. .
4-5. In former times there was a king named Suratha, born of the Chitra
dynasty, ruling over the whole world in the period of Svarocisa. He
protected his subjects dul6y like his own children. At that time the
kings, who were the destroyers of the c, became his enemies.
6-7. He, the wielder of powerful weapons, fought a battle with the
destroyers of Kolas, but was defeated by them though they were a small
force. Then he returned to his own city, and ruled over his won country.
Then that illustrious king was attacked by those powerful enemies.
8-9. Even in his own city, the king, (now) bereft of strength, was
robbed of his treasury and army by his own powerful, vicious and
evil-disposed ministers. Thereafter, deprived of this sovereignty, the
king left alone on horse-back for a dense forest, under the pretext of
10-11. He saw there the hermitage of Medhas- the supreme among the
twice-born - inhabited by wild animals which were peaceful, and graced
by the disciples of the sage. Entertained by the sage, Suratha spent
some time moving about in the hermitage of the great sage.
12-16. There then overcome with attachment, he fell into the thought,
'I do not know whether the capital (which was) well guarded by my
ancestors and recently deserted by me is being guarded righteously or
not by my servants of evil conduct. I do not know what enjoyments my
chief elephant, heroic and always elated, and now fallen into the hands
of my foes, will get. Those who were my constant followers and received
favor, riches and food from me, now certainly pay homage to other
kings. The treasure which I gathered with great care will be squandered
by those constant spendthrifts, who are addicted to improper
17-19. The king was continually thinking of these and other things.
Near the hermitage of the Brahamana he saw a merchant, and asked him:
'Ho! Who are you? What is the reason for your coming here? Wherefore do
you appear as if afflicted with grief and depressed in mind?' Hearing
this speech of the king, uttered in a friendly spirit, the merchant
bowed respectfully and replied to the king.
The merchant said:
20-25. 'I am a merchant named Samadhi, born in a
wealthy family. I have been cast out by my sons and wife, who are wicked
through greed of wealth. My wife and sons have misappropriated my
riches, and made me devoid of wealth. Cast out by my trusted kinsmen, I
have come to the forest grief-stricken. Dwelling here, I do not know
anything as regards good of bad of my sons, kinsmen and wife. At present
is welfare or ill-luck theirs at home? How are they? Are my sons living
good or evil lives?'
The king said:
26-28. 'Why is your mind affectionately attached to those
covetous folk, your sons, wife and others, who have deprived you of your
The merchant said:
29-34. 'This very thought has occurred to me, just as
you have uttered it. What can I do? My mind does not become hard; it
bears deep affection to those very persons who have driven me out in
their greed for wealth, abandoning love for a father and attachment to
one's master and kinsmen. I do not comprehend although, I know it. O
noble hearted king, how it is that the mind is prone to love even
towards worthless kinsmen. On account of them I heave heavy sighs and
feel dejected. What can I do since my mind does not become hard towards
those unloving ones?
35-38. Then O Brahmana, the merchant Samadhi and the
noble king together approached the sage (Medhas); and after observing
the etiquette worthy of him and as was proper, they sat down and
conversed (with him ) on some topics.
The king said:
39-45. 'Sir, I wish to ask you one thing. Be pleased to
reply to it. Without the control of my intellect, my mind is afflicted
with sorrow. Though I have lost the kingdom, like an ignorant man-
though I know it- I have an attachment to all the paraphernalia of my
kingdom. How is this, O best of sages? And this merchant has been
disowned by this children, wife and servants, and forsaken by his own
people; still he is inordinately affectionate towards them. Thus both he
and I, drawn by attachment towards objects whose defects we do know, are
exceedingly unhappy. How this happens, then, sir, that though we are
aware of it, this delusion comes? This delusion besets me as well as
him, blinded as we are in respect of discrimination.'
The Rishi said:
46-49. Sir, every being has the knowledge of objects
perceivable by the senses. And object of sense reaches it in various
ways. Some beings are blind by day, and others are blind by night; some
beings have equal sight both by day and night. Human beings are
certainly endowed with knowledge, but they are not the only beings ( to
be so endowed), for cattle, birds, animals and other creatures also
cognize (objects of senses).
50-58. The knowledge that men have, birds and beasts too have; and what
they have men also possess; and the rest (like eating and sleeping) is
common to both of them. Look at these birds, which though they possess
knowledge, and are themselves distressed by hunger are yet, because of
the delusion, engaged in dropping grains into the beaks of their young
ones. Human beings are, O tiger among men, attached to their children
because of greed for return help. Do you not see this? Even so men are
hurled into the whirlpool of attachment, the pit of delusion, through
the power of Mahamaya ( the Great Illusion), who makes the existence of
the world possible. Marvel not at this. this Mahamaya is the Yoganidra,
of Vishnu, the Lord of the world. It is by her the world is deluded.
Verily she, the Bhagavati, the Mahamaya forcibly drawing the minds of
even the wise, throws them into delusion. She creates this entire
universe, both moving and unmoving. It is she who, when propitious,
becomes a boon-giver to human beings for their final liberation. She is
the supreme knowledge, the cause of final liberation, and eternal; she
is the cause of the bondage of transmigration and the sovereign over all
The king said:
59-62. 'Venerable sir, who is that Devi whom you call
Mahamaya? How did she come into being, and what is her sphere of action,
O Brahmana? What constitutes her nature? What is her form? Wherefrom did
she originate? All that I wish to hear from you, O you supreme among the
knowers of Brahman.'
The Rishi said:
63-71. She is eternal, embodied as the universe. By her
all this is pervaded. Nevertheless she incarnates in manifold ways; hear
it from me. When she manifests herself in order to accomplish the
purposes of the devas, she is said to be born in the world, though she
is eternal. At the end of a kalpa when the universe was one ocean( with
the waters of the deluge) and the adorable Lord Vishnu stretched out on
Sesa and took the mystic slumber, tow terrible asuras, the well-known
Madhu and Kaitabha, sprung into being from the dirt of Vishnu's ears,
sought to slay Brahma; Brahma, the father of beings, was sitting in the
lotus( that came out) from Vishnu's navel. Seeing these two fierce
asuras and Janardhana asleep, and with a view to awakening Hari,
(Brahma) with concentrated mind extolled Yoganidra, dwelling in Hari's
eyes. The resplendent Lord Brahma extolled the incomparable Goddess of
Vishnu, Yoganidra, the queen of cosmos, the supporter of the worlds, the
cause of the sustentation and dissolution alike (of the universe).
72-74. Brahma said: 'You are Svaha and Svadha. You are verily the
Vasatkara and embodiment of Svara. You are the nectar. O eternal and
imperishable One, you are the embodiment of the threefold mantra. You
are half a matra, though eternal. You are verily that which cannot be
uttered specifically. You are Savitri and the supreme Mother of the
75-77. 'By you this universe is borne, by you this world is created. By
you it is protected, O Devi and you always consume it at the end. O you
who are (always) of the form of the whole world, at the time of creation
you are of the form of the creative force, at the time of sustentation
you are of the form of the protective power, and at the time of the
dissolution of the world, you are of the form of the destructive power.
You are the supreme knowledge as well as the great nescience, the great
intellect and contemplation, as also the great delusion, the great devi
as also the great asuri.
78-81. ' You are the primordial cause of everything, bringing into force
the three qualities. You are the dark night of periodic dissolution. You
are the great night of final dissolution, and the terrible night of
delusion. You are the goddess of good fortune, the ruler, modesty,
intelligence characterized by knowledge, bashfulness, nourishment,
contentment, tranquility and forbearance. Armed with sword, spear, club,
discus, conch , bow, arrows, slings and iron mace, you are terrible( and
at the same time) you are pleasing, yea more pleasing than all the
pleasing things and exceedingly beautiful. You are indeed the supreme
Isvari, beyond the high and low.
82-87. 'And whatever of wherever a thing exists, conscient( real) or
non-conscient (unreal), whatever power all that possesses is yourself.
O you who are the soul of everything, how can I extol you (more than
this)? By you, even he who creates, sustains and devours the world, is
put to sleep. Who is here capable of extolling you? Who is capable of
praising you, who have made all of us- Vishnu, myself and Shiva- take
our embodied forms? O Devi, being lauded thus, bewitch these two
unassailable asuras Madhu and Kaitabha with your superior powers. Let
Vishnu, the Master of the world, be quickly awakened from sleep and
rouse up his nature to slay these two great asuras.'
The Rishi said:
88-95. There, the Devi of delusion extolled thus by
Brahma, the creator, in order to awaken Vishnu for the destruction of
Madhu and Kaitabha, drew herself out from His eyes, mouth, nostrils,
arms, heart and breast, and appeared in the sight of Brahma of
inscrutable birth. Janardana, Lord of the universe, quitted by her, rose
up from His couch on the universal ocean, and saw those two
evil(asuras), Madhu and Kaitabha, of exceeding heroism and power, with
eyes red in anger, endeavoring to devour Brahma. Thereupon the
all-pervading Bhagavan Vishnu got up and fought with the asuras for five
thousand years, using his own arms as weapons. And they, frenzied with
their exceeding power, and deluded by Mahamaya, exclaimed to Vishnu, '
Ask a boon from us.'
96-98. 'If you are satisfied with me, you must
both be slain by me now. What need is there of any other boon here? My
choice is this much indeed.'
The Rishi said:
99-101. Those two(asuras), thus bewitched (by Mahamaya),
gazing then at the entire world turned into water, told Bhagavan, the
lotus eyed One, 'Slay us at the spot where the earth is not flooded with
The Rishi said:
102-104. Saying 'Be it so', Bhagavan(Vishnu), the great
wielder of conch, discus and mace, took them on His loins and there
severed their heads with His discus. Thus she (Mahamaya) herself
appeared when praised by Brahma. Now listen again the glory of this
Devi. I tell you.
Here ends the first chapter called 'The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha'
of Devi mahatmya in Markandeya purana, during the period of Savarni, the
Slaughter of the armies of Mahisasura
Meditation of Mahalakshmi
I resort to Mahalakshmi, the destroyer of Mahisasura, who is seated on
the lotus, is of the complexion of coral and who holds in her (eighteen
) hands rosary, axe, mace, arrow, thunderbolt, lotus, bow, pitcher, rod,
sakti, sword, shield, conch, bell, wine-cup, trident, noose and the
The Rishi said:
1-3. Of yore when Mahisasura was the lord of asuras and
Indra the lord of devas, there was a war between the devas and asuras
for a full hundred years. In that the army of the devas was vanquished
by the valorous asuras. After conquering all the devas, Mahisasura
became the lord of heaven( Indra).
4-5. Then the vanquished devas headed by Brahma, the lord of beings,
went to the place where Siva and Vishnu were. The devas described to
them in detail, as it had happened, the story of their defeat wrought by
6-8. 'He(Mahisasura) himself has assumed the jurisdictions of Surya,
Indra, Agni, Vayu, Candra, Yama and Varuna and other (devas). Thrown out
from heaven by that evil-natured Mahisa, the hosts of devas wander on
the earth like mortals. All that has been done by the enemy of the
devas, has been related to you both, and we have sought shelter under
you both. May both of you be pleased to think out the means of his
9. Having thus heard the words of the devas, Vishnu was angry and also
Siva, and their faces became fierce with frowns.
10-11. The issued forth a great light from the face of Vishnu who was
full of intense anger, and from that of Brahma and Siva too. From the
bodies of Indra and other devas also sprang forth a very great light.
And (all) this light united together.
12-13. The devas saw there a concentration of light like a mountain
blazing excessively, pervading all the quarters with its flames. Then
that unique light, produced from the bodies of all the devas, pervading
the three worlds with its lustre, combined into one and became a female
14-15. By that which was Siva's light, her face came into being; by
Yama's (light) her hair, by Vishnu's light her arms; and by Candra's
(light) her two breasts. By Indra's light her waist, by Varuna's (light)
her shanks and thighs and by earth's light her hips.
16-18. By Brahma's light her feet came into being; by Surya's light her
toes, by Vasus (light) her fingers, by Kubera's (light) her nose; by
Prajapati's light her teeth came into being and similarly by Agni's
light her three eyes were formed. The light of the two sandhyas became
her eye-brows, the light of Vayu her ears; the manifestation of the
lights of other devas too (contributed to the being of the ) auspicious
19. Then looking at her, who had come into being from the assembled
lights of all the devas, the immortals who were oppressed by Mahisasura
20-21. The bearer of Pinaka (Siva) drawing forth a trident from his own
trident presented it to her; and Vishnu bringing forth a discus out of
his own discus gave her. Varuna gave her a conch, Agni a spear; and
Maruta gave a bow as well as two quivers full of arrows.
22-23. Indra, lord of devas, bringing forth a thunderbolt out of (his
own) thunderbolt and a bell from that of his elephant Airavata, gave
her. Yama gave a staff from his own staff of Death and Varuna, the lord
of waters, a noose; and Brahma, the lord of beings, gave a string of
beads and a water-pot.
24. Surya bestowed his own rays on al the pores of her skin and Kala
(Time) gave a spotless sword and a shield.
25-29. The milk-ocean gave a pure necklace, a pair of un-decaying
garments, a divine crest-jewel, a pair of ear-rings, bracelets, a
brilliant half-moon(ornament), armlets on all arms, a pair of shining
anklets, a unique necklace and excellent rings on all the fingers.
Visvakarman gave her a very brilliant axe, weapons of various forms and
also an impenetrable armour. The ocean gave her a garland of unfading
lotuses for her head and another for her breast, besides a very
beautiful lotus in her hand. The (mountain) Himavat gave her a lion to
ride on a various jewels.
30-33. The lord of wealth (Kubera) gave her a drinking cup, ever full of
wine. Sesa, the lord of all serpents, who supports this earth, gave her a
serpent-necklace bedecked with best jewels. Honoured likewise by other
devas also with ornaments and weapons, she (the Devi) gave out a loud
roar with a decrying laugh again and again. By her unending, exceedingly
great, terrible roar the entire sky was filled, and there was great
reverberation. All worlds shook, the seas trembled.
34-46. The earth quaked and all the mountains rocked. 'Victory to you,'
exclaimed the devas in joy to her, the lion-rider. the sages, who bowed
their bodies in devotion, extolled her. Seeing the three worlds agitated
the foes of devas, mobilized all their armies and rose up together with
uplifted weapons. Mahisasura, exclaiming in wrath, 'Ha! What is this?'
rushed towards that roar, surrounded by innumerable asuras. Then he saw
the Devi pervading the three worlds with her lustre. Making the earth
bend with her footstep, scraping the sky with her diadem, shaking the
nether worlds with the twang of the bowstring, and standing there
pervading all the quarters around with her thousand arms. Then began a
battle between that Devi and the enemies of the devas, in which the
quarters of the sky were illumined by the weapons and arms hurled
diversely. Mahisasura's general, a great asura named Ciksura and Camara,
attended by forces comprising four parts, and other (asuras) fought. A
great asura named Udagra with sixty thousand chariots, and Mahahanu with
ten millions (of chariots) gave battle. Asiloman, another great asura,
with fifteen millions (of chariots), and Baskala with six millions
fought in that battle. Privarita with many thousands of elephants and
horses, and surrounded by ten millions of chariots, fought in that
battle. An asura named Bidala fought in that battle surrounded with five
hundred crores of chariots. And other great asuras, thousands in number,
surrounded with chariots, elephants and horses fought with the Devi in
47-48. Mahisasura was surrounded in that battle with thousands of crores
of horses, elephants and chariots. Others (asuras) fought in the battle
against the Devi with iron maces and javelins, with spears and clubs,
with swords, axes and halberds. Some hurled spears and others nooses.
49-58. They began to strike her with swords in order to kill her.
Showering her own weapons and arms, that Devi Chandika very easily cut
into pieces all those weapons and arms. Without any strain on her face,
and with gods and sages extolling her, the Isvari threw her weapons and
arms at the bodies of the asuras. And the lion also which carried the
Devi, shaking its mane in rage, stalked among the hosts of the asuras
like a conflagration amidst the forests. The sighs which Ambika, engaged
in the battle, heaved became at once her battalions by hundreds and
thousands. Energized by the power of the Devi, these (battalions) fought
with axes, javelins, swords, halberds, and destroyed the asuras. Of
these battalions, some beat drums, some blew conches and others played
on tabors in that great martial festival. Then the Devi killed hundreds
of asuras with her trident, club, showers of spears, swords and the
like, and threw down others who were stupefied by the noise of her bell;
and binding others with her noose, she dragged them on the ground. Some
were split into two by the sharp slashes of her sword, and others,
smashed by the blows of her mace, lay down on the ground; and some
severely hammered by club vomited forth blood.
59-61. Pierced in the breast by her trident, some fell on the ground.
Pierced all over by her arrows and resembling porcupines, some of the
enemies of devas gave up their lives on that field of battle. Some had
their arms cut off, some, their necks broken the heads of others rolled
down; some others were torn asunder in the middle of their trunks, and
some great asuras fell on the ground with their legs severed.
62. Some rendered one-armed, one-eyed, and one-legged were again clove
in twain by the Devi. And others, though rendered headless, fell and
63. Headless trunks fought with the Devi with best weapons in their
hands. Some of these headless trunks danced there in the battle to the
rhythm of the musical instruments.
64-65. The trunks of some other great asuras, with their swords, spears
and lances still in their hands, shouted at the Devi with their just
severed heads, 'Stop, stop'. That part of earth where the battle was
fought became impassable with the asuras, elephants and horses and
chariots that had been felled.
66-67. The profuse blood from the asuras, elephants and horses flowed
immediately like large rivers amidst that army of the asuras. As fire
consumes a huge heap of straw and wood, so did Ambika destroy that vast
army of asuras in no time.
68-69. And her carrier-lion, thundering aloud with quivering mane,
prowled about in the battlefield, appearing to search out the vital
breaths from the bodies of the enemies of devas. In that battlefield the
battalions of the Devi fought in such a manner with the asuras that the
devas in heaven, showering flowers, extolled them.
Here ends the second chapter called 'Slaughter of the armies of
Mahisasura' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana, during the period of
Savarni, the Manu.
The Slaying of Mahisasura
The Rishi said:
1-2. Then Ciksura, the great asura general, seeing that
army being slain(by the Devi), advanced in anger to fight with Ambika.
3. That asura rained showers of arrows on the Devi in the battle, even
as a cloud (showers) rain on the summit of Mount Meru.
4. Then the Devi, easily cutting asunder the masses of his arrows,
killed his horses and their controller with her arrows.
5. Forthwith she split his bow and lofty banner, and with her arrows
pierced the body of that(asura) whose bow had been cut.
6. His bow shattered, his chariot broken, his horses killed and his
charioteer slain, the asura armed with sword and shield rushed at the
7. Swiftly he smote the lion on the head with his sharp-edged sword and
struck the Devi also on her left arm.
8. O king, his sword broke into pieces as it touched her arm. Thereon
his eyes turning red with anger, he grasped his pike.
9. Then the great asura flung at Bhandrakali the pike, blazing with
lustre, as if he was hurling the very sun from the skies.
10. Seeing that pike coming upon her, the Devi hurled her pike that
shattered his pike into a hundred fragments and the great asura himself.
11. Mahisasura's very valiant general having been killed, Camara, the
afflictor of devas, mounted on an elephant, advanced.
12. He also hurled his spear at the Devi. Ambika quickly assailed it
with a whoop, made it lustreless and fall to the ground.
13. Seeing his spear broken and fallen, Camara, full of rage, flung a
pike, and she split that also with her arrows.
14. Then the lion, leaping up and seating itself at the centre of the
elephant's forehead, engaged itself in a hand to hand fight with that
foe of the devas.
15. Fighting, the two then came down to the earth from the back of the
elephant, and fought very impetuously, dealing the most terrible blows
at each other.
16. Then the lion, springing up quickly to the sky, and descending,
severed Camara's head with a blow from its paw.
17. And Udagra was killed in the battle by the Devi with stones, trees
and the like, and Karala also stricken down by her teeth and fists and
18. Enraged, the Devi ground Uddhata to powder with the blows of her
club, and killed Baskala with a dart and destroyed Tamra and Andhaka
19. The three-eyed Supreme Isvari killed Ugrasya and Ugravirya and
Mahahanu also with her trident.
20. With her sword she struck down Bidala's head from his body, and
dispatched both Durdhara and Durmudha to the abode of Death with her
21. As his army was thus being destroyed, Mahisasura terrified the
troops of the Devi with his own buffalo form.
22. Some ( he laid low) by a blow of his muzzle, some by stamping with
his hooves, some by the lashes of his tail, and others by the pokes of
23. Some he laid low on the face of the earth by his impetuous speed,
some by his bellowing and wheeling movement, and others by the blast of
24. Having laid low her army, Mahisasura rushed to slay the lion of the
Mahadevi. This enraged Ambika.
25. Mahisasura, great in valour, pounded the surface of the earth with
his hooves in rage, tossed up the high mountains with his horns, and
26. Crushed by the velocity of his wheeling, the earth disintegrated,
and lashed by his tail, the sea overflowed all around.
27. Pierced by his swaying horns, the clouds went into fragments. Cast
up by the blast of his breath, mountains fell down from the sky in
28. Seeing the great asura swollen with rage and advancing towards her,
Chandika displayed her wrath in order to slay him.
29. She flung her noose over him and bound the great asura. Thus bound
in the great battle, he quitted his buffalo form.
30. Then he became a lion suddenly. While Ambika cut off the head (of
his lion form), he took the appearance of a man with sword in hand.
31. Immediately then the Devi with her arrows chopped off the man
together with his sword and shield. Then he became a big elephant.
32. (The elephant) tugged at her great lion with his trunk and roared
loudly, but as he was dragging, the Devi cut off his trunk with her
33. The great asura then resumed his buffalo shape and shook the three
worlds with their movable and immovable objects.
34. Enraged threat, Chandika, the Mother of the worlds, quaffed a divine
drink again and again, and laughed, her eyes becoming red.
35, And the asura, also roared intoxicated with his strength and
valour, and hurled mountains against Chandika with his horns.
36. And she with showers of arrows pulverized ( those mountains) hurled
at her, and spoke to him in flurried words, the colour of her face
accentuated with the intoxication of the divine drink.
The Devi said:
37-38. 'Roar, roar, O fool, for a moment while I drink
this wine. When you sill be slain by me, the devas will soon roar in
this very place.'
The Rishi said:
39-40. Having exclaimed thus, she jumped and landed
herself on that great asura, pressed him on the neck with her foot and
struck him with her spear.
41. And thereupon, caught up under her foot. Mahisasura half issued
forth ( in his real form) from his own (buffalo) mouth, being completely
overcome by the valour of the Devi.
42. Fighting thus with his half-revealed form, the great asura was laid
by the Devi who struck off his head with her great sword.
43. Then, crying in consternation, the whole asura army perished; and
all the hosts of deva were in exultation.
44. With the great sages of heaven, the devas praised the Devi. The
Gandharva chiefs sang and the bevies of apsaras danced.
Here ends the third chapter called 'The Slaying of Mahisasura' of
Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni, the
The Rishi said:
1-2. When that most valiant but evil-natured Mahisasura
and the army of that foe of the devas were destroyed by the Devi, Indra
and the hosts of devas uttered their words of praise, their necks and
shoulders reverently bent, and bodies rendered beautiful with
horripilation and exultation.
3. 'To that Ambika who is worthy of worship by all devas and sages and
pervades this world by her power and who is the embodiment of the entire
powers of all the hosts of devas, we bow in devotion. May she grant us
4. 'May Chandika, whose incomparable greatness and power Bhagavan
Vishnu, Brahma and Hara are unable to describe, bestow her mind on
protecting the entire world and on destroying the fear of evil.
5. ' O Devi, we bow before you, who are yourself good fortune in the
dwellings of the virtuous, and ill-fortune in those of the vicious,
intelligence in the hearts of the learned, faith in the hearts of the
good, and modesty in the hearts of the high-born. May you protect the
6. 'O Devi, how can we describe your inconceivable form, or your
abundant surpassing valour that destroys the asuras, or your wonderful
feats displayed in battles among all the hosts of gods, asuras and
7. 'You are the origin of all the worlds! Though you are possessed of
the three gunas you are not known to have any of their attendant defects
(like passion)! You are incomprehensible even to Vishnu, Shiva and
others! You are the resort of all! this entire world is composed of an
infinitesimal portion of yourself! You are verily the supreme primordial
8. 'O Devi, you are Svaha at whose utterance the whole assemblage of
gods attains satisfaction in all the sacrifices. You are the Svadha
which gives satisfaction to the manes. Therefore you are chanted (as
Svaha and Svadha in Sacrifices) by people.
9. 'O Devi, you are Bhagavati, the supreme Vidya which is the cause of
liberation, and great inconceivable penance (are the means for your
realization). You ( the supreme knowledge) are cultivated by sages
desiring liberation, whose senses are well restrained, who are devoted
to Reality, and have shed all the blemishes.
10. 'You are the soul of Sabda-Brahman. You are the repository of the
very pure Rig-veda and Yajus hymns, and of Samans, the recital of whose
words is beautiful sith the Udgitha! You are Bhagavati embodying the
three Vedas. And you are the sustenance whereby life is maintained. You
are the supreme destroyer of the pain of al the worlds.
11. 'O Devi, you are the Intellect, by which the essence of all
scriptures is comprehended. You are Durga, the boat that takes men
across the difficult ocean of worldly existence, devoid of attachments.
You are Shri who has invariably taken her abode in the heart of Vishnu.
You are indeed Gauri who has established herself with Shiva.
12. 'Gently smiling, pure, resembling the full moon's orb, beautiful
like the splendour of excellent gold was your face! Yet it was very
strange that, being swayed by anger, Mahisasura suddenly struck your
face when he saw it.
13. 'Far strange it is that after seeing your wrathful face, O Devi,
terrible with its frowns and red in hue like the rising moon, that
Mahisasura did not forthwith give up his life! For, who can live after
beholding the enraged Destroyer?
14. 'O Devi, be propitious. You are Supreme. If enraged, you forthwith
destroy the (asura) families for the welfare (of the world). This was
known the very moment when the extensive forces of Mahisasura were
brought to their end.
15. 'You who are always bounteous, with whom you are well pleased, those
(fortunate ones) are indeed the object of esteem in the country, theirs
are riches, theirs are glories, and their acts of righteousness perish
not; they are indeed blessed and possessed of devoted children, servants
16. 'By your grace, O Devi, the blessed individual does daily all
righteous deeds with utmost care and thereby attains to heaven. Are you
not, therefore O Devi, the bestower of reward in all the three worlds?
17. 'When called to mind in a difficult pass, you remove fear for eve3ry
person. When called to mind by those in happiness, you bestow a mind
still further pious. Which goddess but you, O Dispeller of poverty,
pain and fear, has an ever sympathetic heart for helping everyone?
18. 'The world attains happiness by the killing of these (foes) and
though these (asuras) have committed sins to keep them long in hell, let
them reach heaven by meeting death eventually at he battle (with me)-
thinking thus, that you, O Devi, certainly destroy our enemies.
19. 'Don't' you reduce to ashes all asuras by mere sight? But you direct
your weapons against them so that even the inimical ones, purified by
the missiles, may attain the higher worlds. Such is your most kindly
intention towards them.
20. 'If the eyes of the asuras had not been put out by the terrible
flashes of the mass of light issuing from your sword or by the copious
lustre of your spearpoint, it is because they saw also your face
resembling the moon, giving out (cool) rays.
21. 'O Devi, your nature is to subdue the conduct of the wicked; this
your peerless beauty is inconceivable for others; your power destroys
those who have robbed the devas of their prowess, and you have thus
manifested your compassion even towards the enemies.
22. 'What is your prowess to be compared to? Where can one find this
beauty (of yours) most charming, (yet) striking fear in enemies?
Compassion in heart and relentlessness in battle are een, O Devi, O
Bestower of boons, only in you in all the three worlds!
23. 'Through the destruction of the enemies all these three worlds have
been saved by you. Having killed them in the battle-front, you have led
even those hosts of enemies to heaven, and you have dispelled our fear
from the frenzied enemies of the devas. Salutation to you!
24. 'O Devi, protect us with your spear. O Ambika, protect us with your
sword, protect us by the sound of your bell and by the twang of your
25. 'O Chandika, guard us in the east, in the west, in the north and in
the south by the brandishing of your spear. O Iswari!
26. 'Protect us and the earth with those lovely forms of yours moving
about in the three worlds, as also with your excludingly terrible forms.
27. 'O Ambika, protect us on every side with your sword, spear and club
and whatever other weapons your sprout-like (soft) hand has touched.'
The Rishi said:
28-30. Thus the supporter of the worlds was praised by
the devas, worshipped with celestial flowers that blossomed in Nandana
and with perfumes and unguents; and with devotion all of them offered
her - heavenly incense. Benignly serene in countenance she spoke to all
The Devi said:
31-32. 'Choose all of you, O devas, whatever you desire
of me. (Gratified immensely with these hymns, I grant it with great
The devas said:
33-34. 'Since our enemy, this Mahisasura, has been slain
by Bhagavati (i.e you) everything has been accomplished, and nothing
remains to be done.
35. 'And if a boon is to be granted to us by you, O Mahesvari, whenever
we think of you again, destroy our direct calamities.
36-37. 'O Mother of spotless countenance, and whatever mortal shall
praise you with these hymns, may you, who have become gracious towards
us, be also for his increase in this wealth, wife, and other fortunes
together with riches, prosperity and life, O Ambika!'
The Rishi said:
38-39. O King, being thus propitiated by the devas for
the sake of the world and for their own sake, Bhadrakali said, 'Be it
so' and vanished from their sight.
40. Thus have I narrated, O King, how the Devi who desires the good of
all the three worlds made her appearance of yore out of the bodies of
41-42. And again how, as a benefactress of the devas, she appeared in
the form of Gauri for the slaying of wicked asuras as well as Sumbha and
Nisumbha, and for the protection of worlds, listen as I relate it. I
shall tell it to you as it happened.
Here ends the fourth chapter called " "
of the Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period
of Savarni, the Manu.
Devi's conversation with the messenger
Meditation of Mahasaraswati
I meditate on the incomparable Mahasaraswati who holds in her (eight)
lotus-like hands bell, trident, plough, conch, mace, discus, bow and
arrow; who is effulgent like destroyer of Sumbha and other asuras, who
issued forth from Parvati's body and is the substratum of the three
The Rishi said:
1-2. Of yore Indra's (sovereignty) over the three worlds
and his portions of the sacrifices were taken away by the asuras, Sumbha
and Nisumbha, by force of their pride and strength.
3. The two, themselves, took over likewise, the offices of the sun, the
moon, Kubera, Yama, and Varuna.
4. They themselves exercised Vayu's authority and Agni's duty. Deprived
of their lordships and sovereignties, the devas were defeated.
5. Deprived of their functions and expelled by these two great asuras,
all the devas thought of the invincible Devi.
6. 'She had granted us the boon, "Whenever in calamities you think of
me, that very moment I will put an end to all your worst calamities."'
7. Resolving thus, the devas went to Himavat, lord of the mountains, and
there extolled the Devi, who is the illusive power of Vishnu.
The devas said:
8-9. 'Salutation to the Devi, to the Mahadevi. Salutation
always to her who is ever auspicious. Salutation to her who is the
primordial cause and the sustaining power. With attention, we have made
obeisance to her.
10. 'Salutation to her who is terrible, to her who is eternal.
Salutation to Gauri, the supporter(of the Universe). salutation always
to her who's is of the form of the moon and moon-light and happiness
11. 'We bow to her who is welfare; we make salutations to her who is
prosperity and success. Salutation to the consort of Shiva who is herself
the good fortune as well as misfortune of kings.
12. 'Salutations always to Durga who takes one across in difficulties,
who is essence, who is the authority of everything; who is knowledge of
discrimination and who is blue-black as also smoke-like in complexion.
13. 'We prostrate before her who is at once most gentle and most
terrible; we salute her again and again. Salutation to her who is the
support of the world. Salutation to the devi who is the form of
14-16. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who in all beings is
17-19. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
20-22. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of intelligence;
23-25. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of sleep;
26-28. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of hunger:
29-31. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of reflection;
32-34. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of power.
35-37. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of thirst;
38-40. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of forgiveness;
41-43. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of genus;
44-46. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of modesty;
47-49. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of peace;
50-52. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of faith;
53-55. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of loveliness;
56-58. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of good fortune;
59-61. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of activity;
62-64. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of memory;
65-67. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of compassion;
68-70. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of contentment;
71-73. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of mother;
74-76. 'Salutations again and again to the Devi who abides in all beings
in the form of error;
77. 'Salutations again and again to the all-pervading Devi who constantly
presides over the senses of all beings and (governs) all the elements;
78-80. 'Salutations again and again to her who, pervading the entire
world, abides in the form of consciousness.
81. 'Invoked of yore by the devas for the sake of their desired object,
and adored by the lord of the devas every day, may she, the Isvari, the
source of all good, accomplish for us all auspicious things and put an
end to our calamities!
82. 'And who is now again, reverenced by us, devas, tormented by
arrogant asuras and who, called to mind by us obeisant with devotion,
destroys this very moment all our calamities.'
The Rishi said:
83-84. O Prince, while the devas were thus engaged in
praises and (other acts of adoration), Parvathi came there to bathe in
the waters of the Ganga.
85. She, the lovely-browed, said to those devas, 'Who is praised by you
here?' An auspicious goddess, sprung forth from her physical sheath,
gave the reply:
86. 'This hymn is addressed to me by the assembled devas set at naught
by the asura Sumbha and routed in battle by Nisumbha.
87. Because that Ambika came out of Parvati's physical sheath (Kosa),
she is glorified as Kaushiki in all the worlds.
88. After she had issued forth, Parvati became dark and was called
Kalika and stationed on mount Himalaya.
89. Then, Canda, and Munda, two servants of Sumbha and Nisumbha, saw
that Ambika (Kausiki) bearing a surpassingly charming form.
They both told Sumbha:
90. 'O King, a certain woman, most surpassingly
beautiful, dwells there shedding lustre on mount Himalaya.
91. 'Such supreme beauty was never seen by any one anywhere. Ascertain
who that Goddess is and take possession of her, O Lord of the asuras!
92. 'A gem among women, of exquisitely beautiful limbs, illuminating the
quarters with her lustre there she is, O Lord of the daityas. You should
93. 'O Lord, whatever jewels, precious stones, elephants, horses and
others there are in the three worlds, they are all now in your house.
94. 'Airavata, gem among elephants, has been brought away from Indra and
so also this Parijata tree and the horse Uccaihsravas.
95. 'Here stands in your courtyard the wonderful chariot yoked with
swans, a wonderful gem (of its class). It has been brought here from
Brahma to whom it originally belonged.
96. 'Here is the treasure named Mahapadma brought from the lord of
wealth. And the ocean gave a garland named Kinjalkini made of unfading
97. 'In your house stands the gold-showering umbrella of Varuna. And
here is the excellent chariot that was formerly Prajapati's.
98. By you, O Lord, Death's shakti weapon named Utkrantida has been
carried off. the noose of the ocean-king is among your brother's
99. 'Nishumbha has every kind of gem produced in the sea. Fire also gave
you two garments which are purified by fire.
100. 'Thus, O Lord of asuras, all gems have been brought by you. Why
this beautiful lady-jewel is not seized by you?
The Rishi said:
101-102. On hearing these words of Chanda and Munda,
Sumbha sent the great asura Sugriva as messenger to the Devi.
103. 'Go and tell her thus in my words and do the thing in such
a manner that she may quickly come to me in love.'
104. He went there where the Devi was staying in a very beautiful spot
on the mountain and spoke to her in fine and sweet words.
The messenger said:
105-106. 'O Devi, Sumbha, lord of asuras, is the
supreme sovereign of three worlds. Sent by him as messenger, I have come
here to your presence.
107. 'Hearken to what has been said by him whose command is never
resisted among the devas and who has vanquished all the foes of the
108. '(He says), "All the three worlds are mine and the devas are
obedient to me. I enjoy all their hares in sacrifices separately.
109-110. "All the choicest gems in the three worlds are in my
possession; and so is the gem of elephants, Airavata, the vehicle of the
king of devas carried away be me. The devas themselves offered to me
with salutations that gem of horses named Uccaisravas which arose at the
churning of milk-ocean.
111. "O beautiful lady, whatever other rare objects there existed among
the devas, the gandharvas and nagas are now with me.
112. "We look upon you, O Devi, as the jewel of womankind in the world.
You who are such, come to me, since we are the enjoyers of the best
113. "Take to me or to my younger brother Nisumbha of great prowess, O
unsteady-eyed lady, for you are in truth a jewel.
114. "Wealth, great and beyond compare, you will get by marrying me.
Think over this in your mind, and become my wife."'
The Rishi said:
115-116. Thus told, Durga the adorable and auspicious,
by whom this universe is supported, then became serene and said.
The Devi said:
117-118. You have spoken truth; nothing false has been
uttered by you in this matter. Sumbha is indeed the sovereign of the
three worlds an likewise is also Nisumbha.
119. 'But in this matter, how can that which has been promised be made
false? Hear what promise I had made already out of foolishness.
120. "He who conquers me in battle, removes my pride and is my match is
strength in the world shall be my husband."
121. 'So let Sumbha come here then, or Nisumbha the great asura.
Vanquishing me here, let him soon take my hand in marriage. Why delay?'
The messenger said:
122. 'O Devi, you are haughty. Talk not so before
me. Which man in the three worlds will stand before Sumbha and Nisumbha?
124. 'All the devas verily cannot stand face to face with even the other
asuras in battle. Why mention you, O Devi, a single woman?
125. 'Indra and all other devas could not stand in battle against Sumbha
and other demons, how will you, a woman, face them?
126. 'On my word itself, you go to Sumbha and Nisumbha. Let it not be
that you go to them with your dignity lost be being dragged by your
The Devi said:
127-128. 'Yes, it is; Sumbha is strong and so is Nisumbha
exceedingly heroic! What can I do since there stands my ill-considered
vow taken long ago?
129. 'Go back, and tell the lord of asuras carefully all this that I
have said; let him do whatever he considers proper.'
Here ends the fifth chapter called 'Devi's conversation with the
messenger' of the Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period
of Savarni, the Manu.
The Slaying of Dhumralocana
The Rishi said:
1-2. The messenger, filled with indignation on hearing
the words the Devi, returned and related them in detail to the king of
3-4. Then the asura monarch, enraged on hearing that report from his
messenger, told Dhumralocana, a chieftain of the daityas: 'O
Dhumralocana, hasten together with your army and fetch here by force
that shrew, distressed when dragged by her hair.
5. 'Or if any one else stands up as her saviors, let him be slain, be he
a god, a yaksa or a gandharva.'
The Rishi said:
6-7. Then the asura Dhuralocana, commanded thus by
Sumbha, went forth quickly, accompanied by sixty thousand asuras.
8. On seeing the Devi stationed on the snowy mountain, he asked her
aloud, 'Come to the presence of Sumbha and Nisumbha.
9. 'If you will not go to my lord with pleasure now, here I take you by
force, distressed when dragged by your hair.'
The Devi said:
10-11. 'You are sent by the lord of the asuras, mighty
yourself and accompanied by an army. If you thus take me by force, then
what can I do to you?'
The Rishi said:
12-13. Thus told, the asura Dhumralocana rushed towards
her and thereupon Ambika reduced him to ashes with a mere heave of the
14. Then the great army of asuras became enraged and showered on Ambika
sharp arrows, javelins, and axes.
15. Then the lion, vehicle of the Devi, shaking its mane in anger, and
making the most terrific roar, fell on the army of the asuras.
16. Some asuras, it slaughtered with a blow of its fore paw, others with
its mouth, and other great asuras, by treading over with its hind legs.
17. The lion, with its claws, tore out the hearts of some and severed
heads with a blow of the paw.
18. And it severed arms and heads from others, and shaking its mane
drank the blood from the hearts of others.
19. In a moment all that army was destroyed by that high-spirited and
exceedingly enraged lion who bore the Devi.
20-21. When Sumbha, the lord of asuras, heard that asura Dhumralocana
was slain by the Devi and all his army was destroyed by the lion of the
Devi, he was infuriated, his lip quivered and he commanded the two
mighty asuras Chanda and Munda:
22-23. 'O Chanda, O Munda, go there with large forces, and bring her
here speedily, dragging her by her hair or binding her. But if you have
any doubt about doing that, then let the asuras strike (her) in the
fight with all their weapons.
24. 'When that shrew is wounded and her lion stricken down, seize that
Ambika, bind and bring her quickly.'
Here ends the sixth chapter called 'The Slaying of Dhumralocana' of
Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya purana during the period of Savarni, the
The slaying of Chanda and Munda
The Rishi said:
1-2. Then at his command the asuras, fully armed, and
with Chanda and Munda at their head, marched in fourfold array.
3. They saw the Devi, smiling gently, seated upon the lion on a huge
golden peak of the great mountain.
4. On seeing her, some of them excited themselves and made an effort to
capture her, and others approached her, with their bows bent and swords
5. Thereupon Ambika became terribly angry with those foes, and in her
anger her countenance then became dark as ink.
6. Out from the surface of her forehead, fierce with frown, issued
suddenly Kali of terrible countenance, armed with a sword and noose.
7-9. Bearing the strange skull-topped staff, decorated with a garland of
skull, clad in a tiger's skin, very appalling owing to her emaciated
flesh, with gaping mouth, fearful with her tongue lolling out, having
deep-sunk reddish eyes and filling the regions of the sky with her
roars, and falling upon impetuously and slaughtering the great asuras in
that army, she devoured those hosts of the foes of the devas.
10. Snatching the elephants with one hand she flung them into her mouth
together with their rear men and drivers and their warrior-riders and
11. Taking likewise into her mouth the cavalry with the horses, and
chariot with its driver, she ground them most frightfully with her
12. She seized one by the hair and another by the neck; one she crushed
by the weight of the foot, and another of her body.
13. And she caught with her mouth the weapons and the great arms shot by
those asuras and crunched them up with her teeth in her fury.
14. She destroyed all that host of mighty and evil-natured asuras,
devoured some and battered others.
15. Some were killed with her word, some were beaten with her
skull-topped staff, and other asuras met their death being ground with
the edge of her teeth.
16. On seeing all the hosts of asuras laid low in a moment, Chanda
rushed against that Kali, who was exceedingly terrible.
17. The great asura (Chanda) with very terrible showers of arrows, and
Munda with discuses hurled in thousands covered that
18. Those numerous discuses, disappearing into her mouth, looked like
numerous solar orbs disappearing into the midst of a cloud.
19. Thereat Kali, who was roaring frightfully, whose fearful teeth were
gleaming within her dreadful mouth, laughed terribly with exceeding fury.
20. Then the Devi, mounting upon her great lion, rushed at Chanda, and
seizing him by his hair, severed his head with her sword.
21. Seeing Chanda laid low, Munda also rushed at her. She felled him
also the ground, striking him with her sword in her fury.
22. Seeing the most valiant Chanda and Munda laid low, the remaining
army there became panicky and fled in all directions.
23. And Kali, holding the heads of Chanda and Munda in her hands,
approached Chandika and said, her words mingled with very loud laughter.
24. 'Here have I brought you the heads of Chanda and Munda as two great
animal offerings in this sacrifice of battle; Sumbha and Nisumbha, you
shall yourself slay.'
The Rishi said:
25-27. Thereupon seeing those asuras, Chanda and Munda
brought to her, the auspicious Chandika said to Kali these playful
words: 'Because you have brought me both Chanda and Munda, you O Devi,
shall be famed in the world by the name Chamunda.
Here ends the seventh chapter called 'The slaying of Chanda and Munda'
of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya purana, during the period of Savarni, the
The Slaying of Raktabija
The Rishi said:
1-3. After the daitya Chanda was slain and Munda was
laid low, and many of the battalions were destroyed, the lord of the
asuras, powerful Sumbha, with mid overcome by anger, commanded then the
mobilization of all the daitya hosts:
4. 'Now let the eighty-six asuras - upraising their weapons - with all
their forces, and the eighty-four Kambus, surrounded by their own
forces, go out.
5. 'Let the fifty asura families of Kotiviryas and the hundred families
of Dhaumras go forth at my command.
6. 'Let the asurasa Kalakas, Daurhrdas, the Mauryas and the Kalakeyas
hasten at my command and march forth ready for battle.'
7. After issuing these orders, Sumbha, the lord of the asuras and a
ferocious ruler, went forth, attended by many thousands of big forces.
8. Seeing that most terrible army coming, Chandika filled into space
between the earth and the sky with the twang of her bow-string.
9. Thereon her lion made an exceedingly loud roar, O King, and Ambika
magnified those roars with the clanging of the bell.
10. Kali, expanding her mouth wide and filling the quarters with the
sound (hum ) overwhelmed the noises of her bow-string, lion and bell by
her terrific roars.
11. On hearing that roar the enraged asura battalions surrounded the
lion, the Devi (Chandika) and Kali on all the four sides.
12-13. At this moment, O King, in order to annihilate the enemies of
devas and for the well-being of the supreme devas, there issued forth,
endowed with exceeding vigour and strength, Shaktis from the bodies of
Brahma, Shiva, Guha, Vishnu and Indra, and with the form of those devas
went to Chandika.
14. Whatever was the form of each deva, whatever his ornaments and
vehicle, in that very form his Shakti advanced to fight with the asuras.
15. In a heavenly chariot drawn by swans advanced Brahma's Shakti
carrying a rosary and Kamandalu. She is called Brahmani.
16. Maheshvari arrived, seated on a bull, holding a fine trident,
wearing bracelets of great snakes and adorned with a digit of the moon.
17. Ambika Kaumari, in the form of Guha, holding a spear in hand riding
on a fine peacock, advanced to attack the asuras.
18. Likewise the Shakti of Vishnu came, seated upon Garuda, holding
conch, club, bow and sword in hand.
19. The Shakti of Hari, who assumed the incomparable form of a
sacrificial boar, she also advanced there in a boar-like form.
20. Narasmihi arrived there, assuming a body like that of a Narasmiha,
bringing down the constellations by the toss of her mane.
21. Likewise the thousand-eyed Aindri, holding a thunderbolt in hand and
riding on the lord of elephants arrive just like Sakra (Indra).
22. Then Shiva, surrounded by those shaktis of the devas, said to
Chandika, 'Let the asuras be killed forthwith by you for my
23. Thereupon from the body of Devi issued forth the Shakti of Chandika,
most terrific, exceedingly fierce and yelling like a hundred jackals.
24. And that invincible (Shakti) told Shiva, of dark coloured matted
locks, 'Go, my lord, as ambassador to the presence of Sumbha and
25. 'Tell the two haughty asuras, Sumbha and Nisumbha, and the other
asuras assembled there for battle.
26. "Let Indra obtain the three worlds and let the devas enjoy the
sacrificial oblations. You go to the nether world, if you wish to live.
27. "But if through pride of strength you are anxious for battle, come
on then. Let my jackals be satiated with your flesh."'
28. Because that Devi appointed "Shiva" himself as ambassador thenceforth
she became renowned in this world as Shiva-duti.
29. Those great asuras, on their part, hearing the words of the Devi
communicated by Shiva, were filled with indignation and went where
30. Then in the very beginning, the enraged foes of the devas poured in
front on the Devi showers of arrows, javelins and spears.
31. And lightly, with the huge arrows shot from her full-drawn bow, she
clove those arrows, spears, darts and axes hurled by them.
32. Then, in front of him (Sumbha), stalked Kali, piercing the enemies to
pieces with her spear and crushing them with her skull-topped staff.
33. And Brahmani, wherever she moved, made the enemies bereft of valour
and prowess by sprinkling on them the water from her Kamandalu.
34. The very wrathful Maheshvari slew the daityas with her trident, and
Vaisnavi, with her discus and Kaumari, with her javelin.
35. Torn to pieces by the thunderbolt which come down upon them, hurled
by Aindri, daityas and danavas fell on the earth in hundreds, streams
of blood flowing out of them.
36. Shattered by the boar-formed goddess (Varahi)with blows of her snout,
wounded in their chests by the point of her tusk and torn by her discus,
(the asuras) fell down.
37. Narasmihi, filling all the quarters and the sky with her roars,
roamed about in the battle, devouring other great asuras torn by her
38. Demoralised by the violent laughter of Shivaduti, the asuras fell
down on the earth; she then devoured them who had fallen down.
39. Seeing the enraged band of Matrs crushing the great asuras thus by
various means, the troops of the enemies of devas took to their heels.
40. Seeing the asuras harassed by the band of Matrs and fleeing, the
great asura Raktabija strode forward to fight in wrath.
41. Whenever from his body there fell to the ground a drop of blood, at
that moment rose up from the earth asura of his stature.
42. The great asura fought with Indra's shakti with club in his hand;
then Aindri also struck Ranktabija with her thunderbolt.
43. Blood flowed quickly and profusely from him who was wounded by the
thunderbolt. From the blood rose up (fresh)combatants of his form and
44. As many drops of blood fell from his body, so may persons came into
being, with his courage, strength and valour.
45. And those persons also sprung up from his blood fought there with
the Matrs in a more dreadful manner hurling the very formidable weapons.
46. And again when his head was wounded by the fall of her thunder-bolt,
his blood flowed and therefrom were born persons in thousands.
47. Vaisnavi struck him with her discus in the battle, Aindri beat that
lord of asuras with her club.
48. The world was pervaded by thousands of great asuras who were of his
stature and who rose up from the blood that flowed from him when cloven
by the discus of Vaisnavi.
49. Kaumari struck the great asura Raktabija with her spear, Varahi with
her sword, and Mahesvari with her trident.
50. And Raktabija, that great asura also, filled with wrath, struck
everyone of the Matrs severally with his club.
51. From the stream of blood which fell on the earth from him when he
received multiple wounds by the spears, darts and other weapons,
hundreds of asuras came into being.
52. And those asuras that were born from the blood of Raktabija pervaded
the whole world; the devas got intensely alarmed at this.
53-54. Seeing the devas dejected, Chandika laughed and said to Kali, 'O
Chamunda, open out your mouth wide; with this mouth quickly take in the
drops of blood generated by the blow of my weapon and (also) the great
asuras born of the drops of blood of Raktabija.
55. 'Roam about in the battle-field, devouring the great asuras that
spring from him. So shall this daitya, with his blood emptied, perish.
56. 'As you go on devouring these, other fierce (asuras) will not be
born.' Having enjoined her thus, the Devi next smote him (Raktabija)
with her dart.
57. Then Kali drank Raktabija's blood with her mouth. Then and there he
struck Chandika with his club.
58-60. The blow of his club caused her not even the slightest pain. And
from his stricken body wherever blood flowed copiously, there Chamunda
swallowed it with her mouth. The Chamunda devoured those great asuras
who sprang up from the flow of blood in her mouth, and drank his
(Raktabija's ) blood.
61. The Devi (Kausiki) smote Raktabija with her dart, thunderbolt,
arrows, swords, and spears, when Chamunda went on drinking his book.
62. Stricken with a multitude of weapons and bloodless, the great asura
(Raktabija) fell on the ground, O King.
63. Thereupon the devas attained great joy, O King. The band of Matrs
who sprang from them dance, being intoxicated with blood.
Here ends the eighth chapter called 'The Slaying of Raktabija' of
Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana, during the period of Savarni, the
The Slaying of Nisumbha
The king (Suratha) said:
1-2. 'Wonderful is this that you, adorable sir,
have related to me about the greatness of the Devi's act in slaying
3. 'I wish to hear further what the very irate Sumbha and Nisumbha did
after Raktabija was killed.'
The Rishi said:
4-5. After Raktabija was slain and other asuras were
killed in the fight, the asura Sumbha and Nisumbha gave way to unbounded
6. Enraged on seeing his great army slaughtered, Nisumbha then rushed
forward with the chief forces of the asuras.
7. In front of him behind him and on both sides of him, great asuras,
enraged and biting their lips, advanced to slay the Devi.
8. Sumbha also, mighty in valour, went forward, surrounded, with his own
troops to slay Chandika in this rage, after fighting with the Matrs.
9. Then commenced severe combat between the Devi on one side and on the
other, Sumbha and Nisumbha who, like two thunder-clouds, rained a most
tempestuous shower of arrows on her.
10. Chandika with numerous arrows quickly split the arrows shot by the
two asuras and smote the two lords of asuras on their limbs with her
mass of weapons.
11. Nisumbha, grasping a sharp sword and a shining shield, struck the
lion, the great carrier of the Devi on the head.
12. When her carrier was struck, the Devi quickly cut Nisumbha's superb
sword with a sharp-edged arrow and also his shield on which eight moons
13. When his shield was slit and his sword too broken, the asura hurled
his spear; and that missile also, as it advanced towards her, was split
into two by her discus.
14. Then the danava Nisumbha, swelling with wrath, seized a dart; and
that also, as it came, the Devi powdered with a blow of her fist.
15. Then brandishing his club, he flung it against Chandika; cleft by
the trident of the Devi, it also turned to ashes.
16. Then the Devi assailed the heroic danava advancing with battle-axe
in hand, and laid him low on the ground.
17. When his brother Nisumbha of terrific prowess fell to the ground,
(Sumbha) got infuriated in the extreme, and strode forward to slay
18. Standing in his chariot and grasping excellent weapons in his long
and incomparable eight arms, he shone by pervading the entire sky.
19. Seeing him approaching, the Devi blew her conch, and made a twang of
her bow-string, which was unbearable in the extreme.
20. And (the Devi) filled all directions with the ringing of her bell,
which destroys the strength of all the daitya hosts.
21. The lion filled the heaven, the earth and the ten quarters of the
sky with loud roars, which made the elephants give up their violent rut.
22. Then Kali, springing upwards in the sky, (came down) and struck the
earth with both her hands; by its noise all the previous sounds were
23. Sivaduti made a loud ominous peal of laughter, the asuras were
frightened by those sounds, and Sumbha flew into an utmost rage.
24. As Ambika said, 'O evil-natured one, stop, stop', the devas
stationed in the sky cheered her with the words, 'Be victorious'.
25. The spear, flaming most terribly and shining like a mass of fire,
which Sumbha approaching hurled was, as it was coming along, put out by
a great firebrand (from the Devi).
26. The interspace between the three worlds was pervaded by Sumbha's
lion-like roar, but the dreadful thunder-clap ( of the Devi) smothered
that, O King.
27. The Devi split the arrows shot by Sumbha, and Sumbha also split the
arrows discharged by her, (each with her and his) sharp arrows in
hundreds and thousands.
28. Then Chandika became angry and smote him with a trident. Wounded
therewith, he fainted and fell to the ground.
29. Then Nisumbha, regaining consciousness seized his bow and struck
with arrows the Devi and Kali and the lion.
30. And the danuja-lord, the son of Diti, putting forth a myriad arms,
covered Chandika with myriad discuses.
31. Then Bhagavati Durga, the destroyer of difficulties and
afflictions, became angry and split those discuses and those arrows
with her own arrows.
32. Thereupon Nisumbha, surrounded by the daitya host, swiftly seizing
his club, rushed at Chandika to sly her.
33. As he was just rushing at her, Chandika colve his club with her
sharp-edged sword; and her took hold of a dart.
34. As Nisumbha, the afflictor of the devas, was advancing with the dart
in hand, Chandika pierced him in the heart with a swiftly hurled dart.
35. From his (Nisumbha's) heart that was pierced by the dart, issued
forth another person of great strength and valour, exclaiming (at the
36. Then the Devi, laughing aloud, severed the head of him, who issued
forth, with her sword. Thereupon he fell to the ground.
37. The lion then devoured those asuras whose necks he had crushed with
his fierce teeth, and Kali and Sivaduti devoured others.
38. Some great asuras perished, being pierced through by the spear if
Kaumari. Others were repulsed by (sprinkling of ) the water purified by
the incantation of Brahmani.
39. Others fell, pierced by a trident wielded by Mahesvari; some were
powdered on the ground by the blows from the snout of Varahi.
40. Some danavas were cut to pieces by the discus of Vaisnavi, and
others again by the thunderbolt discharged from the palm of Aindri.
41. Some asuras perished (themselves), some fled from the great battle,
and others were devoured by Kali, Sivaduti and the lion.
Here ends the ninth chapter called 'the Slaying of Nisumbha' of Devi
mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni, the Manu.
The Slaying of Sumbha
The Rishi said:
1-3. Seeing his brother Nisumbha slain, who was dear to
him as his life, and his army being slaughter, Sumbha angrily said. 'O
Durga who are puffed up with pride of strength, don't show your pride
(here). Though you are exceedingly haughty, you, resorting to the
strength of others, fight.'
The Devi said:
4-5. 'I am all alone in the world here. Who else is there
besides me? See, O vile one, these Goddesses, who are but my own powers,
entering into my own self!'
6. Then all those, Brahmani and the rest, were absorbed in the body of
the Devi. Ambika alone then remained.
The Devi said:
7-8. ' The numerous forms which I projected by my power
here - those have been withdrawn by me, and (now) I stand alone. Be
steadfast in combat.'
The Rishi said:
9-10. Then began a dreadful battle between them both,
the Devi and Sumbha, while all the devas and asuras looked on.
11. With showers of arrows, with sharp weapons and frightful missiles,
both engaged again in a combat that frightened all the worlds.
12. Then the lord of daityas broke the divine missiles, which Ambika
discharged in hundreds, with (weapons) that repulsed them.
13. With fierce shout of hum and the like, the Paramesvari playfully
broke the excellent missiles that he discharged.
14. Then the asura covered the Devi with hundreds of arrows, and the
Devi in wrath split his bow with her arrows.
15. And when the bow was split the lord of the daityas took up his
spear. With a discus, the Devi split that (spear) also in this hand.
16. Next the supreme monarch of the daityas, taking his sword bright
like the sun and shining shield bearing the images of a hundred moons,
rushed at the Devi at that moment.
17. Just as he was rushing forward, Chandika split his sword with sharp
arrows shot from her bow, as also his shield as bright as the solar
18. With his steeds slain, with his bow broken, without a charioteer,
the daitya then grasped his terrible mace, being ready to kill Ambika.
19. With sharp arrows, she split the mace of Sumbha, who was rushing at
her. Even then, raising his fist, he rushed swiftly at her.
20. The daitya-king brought his fist down on the heart of the Devi, and
the Devi also with her palm smote him on his chest.
21. The daitya-king, wounded by the blow of her palm fell on the earth,
but immediately he rose up again.
22. Seizing the Devi, he sprang up and mounted on high into the sky.
There also Chandika, without any support, fought with him.
23. Then the daitya (Sumbha) and Chandika fought, a never before, with
each other in the sky in a close contact, which wrought surprise to the
Siddhas and sages.
24. Ambika then, after carrying on a close fight for a vary long time
with him, lifted him up, whirled him around and flung him down on the
25. Flung thus, the evil-natured (Sumbha) reaching the earth and raising
his fist, hastily rushed forward desiring to kill Chandika.
26. Seeing that lord of all the daitya-folk approaching, the Devi,
piercing him on the chest with a dart, threw him down on the earth.
27. Pierced by the pointed dart of the Devi he fell lifeless on the
ground, shaking the entire earth with its seas, islands and mountains.
28. When that evil-natured (asura) was slain, the universe became happy
and regained perfect peace, and the sky grew clear.
29. Flaming portent-clouds that were in evidence before became tranquil,
and the rivers kept within their courses when (Sumbha) was stricken down
30. When he had been slain, the minds of all the bands of devas became
overjoyed, and the Gandharvas sang sweetly.
31-32. Others sounded (their instruments), and the bands of nymphs
danced; likewise favourable winds blew; the sun became very brilliant;
the sacred fires blazed peacefully and tranquil became the strange
sounds that had risen in different quarters.
Here ends the tenth chapter called 'The Slaying of Sumbha' of
Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana, during the period of Savarni, the
Hymn to Narayani
The Rishi said:
1-2. When the great lord of asuras was slain there by
the Devi, Indra and other devas led by Agni, with their object fulfilled
and their cheerful faces illumining the quarters, praised her,
The devas said:
3. 'O Devi, you who remove the sufferings of your suppliants, be
gracious. Be propitious, O Mother of the whole world. Be gracious, O
Mother of the universe. Protect the universe. You are, O Devi, the ruler
of all that is moving and unmoving.
4. 'You are the sole substratum of the world, because you subsist in the
form of the earth. By you, who exist in the shape of water, all this
(universe) is gratified, O Devi of inviolable valour!
5. 'You are the power of Vishnu, and have endless valour. You are the
primeval maya, which is the source of the universe; by you all this
(universe) has been thrown into an illusion. O Devi. If you become
gracious, you become the cause of final emancipation in this world.
6. 'All lords are your aspects O Devi; so are all women in the world,
endowed with various attributes. By you alone, the Mother, this world is
filled. What praise can there be for you who are of the nature of
primary and secondary expression regarding (objects)worthy of praise?
7. 'When you have been lauded as the embodiment of all beings, the
Devi (the effulgent one), and bestower of the enjoyment and liberation,
what words, however excellent, can praise you?
8. 'Salutation be to you, O Devi Narayani, O you who abide as
intelligence in the hearts of all creatures, and bestow enjoyment and
9. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who, in the form of minutes,
moments and other divisions of time, bring about change in things, and
have (thus ) the power to destroy the universe.
10. 'Salutation be to you O Narayani, O you who are the good of all
good, O auspicious Devi, who accomplish every object, the giver of
refuge, O three eyed Gauri!
11. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, you who have the power of
creation, sustentation and destruction and are eternal. You are the
substratum and embodiment of the three gunas.
12. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who are intent on saving
the dejected and distressed that take refuge under YOU. O you, Devi, who
remove the sufferings of all!
13. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who ride in the heavenly
chariot yoked with swans and assume the form of Brahmani, O Devi, who
sprinkle water with Kusa grass.
14. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who bear the trident, the
moon and the serpent, and ride a big bull, and have the form of
15. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who are attended by peacock
and cock, and bear a great spear. O you, who are sinless and take the
form of Kaumari.
16. 'Salutation be to you, O Naraayani, O you who hold the great weapons
of conch, discus, club and bow, and take the form of Vaisnavi, be
17. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who grasp a huge formidable
discus, and uplift the earth with thy tusk, O auspicious Devi, who has
a boar-like form.
18. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who, in the fierce form of
a man-lion, put forth your efforts to sly the daityas, O you who possess
the benevolence of saving the three worlds.
19. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, you who have a diadem and a great
thunderbolt, are dazzling with a thousand eyes, and took away the life
of Vrtra, O Aindri!
20. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who in the form of Sivaduti
slew the mighty hosts of the daitya, O you of terrible form and loud
21. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who have a face terrible
with tusks, and are adorned with a garland of heads, Chamunda, O slayer
22. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who are good fortune,
modesty, great wisdom, faith, nourishment and Svadha, O you who are
immovable O you, great Night and great Illusion.
23. 'Salutation be to you, O Narayani, O you who are intelligence and
Sarasvati, O best one, prosperity, consort of Vishnu, dark one, nature,
24. 'O Queen of all, you who exist in the form of all, and possess every
might, save us from error, O Devi. Salutation be to you, Devi Durga!
25. 'May this benign countenance of yours adorned with three eyes,
protect us from all fears. Salutation be to you, O Katyayani!
26. 'Terrible with flames, exceedingly sharp destroyer of all the
asuras, may your trident guard us from fear. salutation be to you, O
27. 'May your bell that fills the world with its ringing, and destroys
the prowess of the daityas, guard us, O Devi, as a mother protects her
children, from all evils.
28. 'May your sword, smeared with the mire like blood and fat of asuras,
and gleaming with rays, be for our welfare, O Chandika, we bow to you.
29. 'When satisfied, you destroy all illness but when wrathful you
(frustrate) all the longed-for desires. No calamity befalls men who have
sought you. Those who have sought you become verily a refuge of others.
30. 'This slaughter that you, O Devi, multiplying your won form into
many, have now wrought on the great asuras who hate righteousness, O
Ambika, which other (goddess) can do that work?
31. 'Who is there except you in the sciences, in the scriptures, and in
the Vedic sayings the light the lamp of discrimination? (Still) you
cause this universe to whirl about again and again within the dense
darkness of the depths of attachment.
32. 'Where raksasas and snakes of virulent poison (are), where foes and
hosts of robbers (exist), where forest conflagrations (occur), there and
in the mid-sea, you stand and save world.
33. 'O Queen of the universe, you protect the universe. As the self of
the universe, you support the universe. You are the (goddess) worthy to
be adored by the Lord of the universe. Those who bow in devotion to you
themselves become the refuge of the universe.
34. 'O Devi, be pleased and protect us always from fear of foes, as you
have done just now by the slaughter of asuras. And destroy quickly the
sins of all worlds and the great calamities which have sprung from the
maturing of evil portents.
35. 'O Devi you who remove the afflictions of the universe, be gracious
to us who have bowed to you. O you worthy of adoration by the dwellers of
the three worlds, be boon-giver to the worlds.'
The Devi said:
36-37. 'O Devas, I am prepared to bestow a boon. Choose
whatever boon you desire in your mind, for the welfare of the world. I
shall grant it.'
The devas said:
38-39. ' O Queen of all, this same manner, you must
destroy all our enemies and all the afflictions of three worlds.
The Devi said:
40-41. 'When the twenty-eighth age has arrived during the
period of Avaisvsvata Manu, two other great asuras, Sumbha and Nisumbha
will be born.
42. 'Then born from the womb of Yasoda, in the home of cowherd Nanda,
and dwelling on the Vindhya mountains, I will destroy them both.
43. 'And again having incarnated in a very terrible form on the earth, I
shall slay the danavas, who are the descendants of Vipracitti.
44. 'When I shall devour the fierce and great asuras descended from
Vipracitti, my teeth shall become red like the flower of pomegranate.
45. 'Therefore when devas in heaven and men on the earth praise me,
shall always talk of me as the 'Red-toothed.'
46. 'And again when rain shall fail for a period of hundred years,
propitiated by the munis I shall be born on the drought-ridden earth,
but not womb-begotten.
47. 'Then I shall behold the munis with a hundred eyes and so mankind
shall glorify me as the 'hundred-eyed.'
48. 'At that time, O devas, I shall maintain the whole world with life
-sustaining vegetables, born out of my own (cosmic) body, till rains
49. 'I shall be famed on the earth then as Sakambhari. At that very
period I shall slay the great asura named Durgama.
50-53. 'Thereby I shall have the celebrated name of Durgadevi and again,
assuming a terrible form on the mountain Himalaya, I shall destroy the
raksasas for the protection of the munis. Then all the munis, bowing
their bodies reverently, shall praise me, and thereby I shall have the
celebrated name of Bhimadevi. When the (asura) named Aruna shall work
great havoc in the three worlds, having taken a (collective) bee-form,
consisting of innumerable bees, I shall slay the great asura for the
good of the world.
54-55. 'And then people shall laud me every where as Bhramari. Thus
whenever trouble arises due to the advent of the danavas, I shall
incarnate and destroy the foes.'
Here ends the eleventh chapter called 'Hymn to Narayani' of
Devi-mahatmyam in Markandeyapurana, during the period of Savarni, the
Eulogy of the Merits
The Devi said:
1-2. ‘And whoever with a concentrated mind shall pray to
me constantly with these, hymns, I shall without doubt put down every
trouble of his.
3. ‘And those who shall laud (the story of) the destruction of Madhu and
Kaitabha, the slaughter Nisumbha likewise.
4-5. ‘And those also who shall listen with devotion to this sublime poem
on my greatness on the eighth, the fourteenth and on the ninth days of
the fortnight with concentrated mind, to them nothing wrong shall
happen, nor calamities that arise from wrong doings nor poverty and
never separation from beloved ones.
6. ‘He shall not experience fear from enemies, or from robbers and
kings, or from weapon, fire and flood.
7. ‘Hence this poem of my greatness must be chanted by men of
concentrated minds an dlistened to always with devotion; for it is the
supreme course of well-being.
8. ‘May this poem of my glories quell all epidemic calamities, as also
the threefold naturral calamities.
9. ‘The place of my sanctuary where this poem os duly chanted everyday,
I will never forsake and there my presence is certain.
10. ‘When sacrifice is offered, during worship, in the fire-ceremony,
and at a great festival, all this poem on my acts must be chanted and
11. ‘I will accept with love the sacrifice and worship that are made and
the fire-offering that is offered likewise, whethere they are done with
due knowledge (of sacrifice) or not.
12-13. ‘During autumnal seasson, when the great annual worship is
performed, the man hearing this glorification of mine with devotion
shall certainly through my grace, be delivered without doubt from all
troubles and be blessed with riches, grains and children.
14. ‘Hearing this glorification and auspicious appearances of mine, and
my feats of prowess in battles, a man becomes fearless.
15. ‘Enemies perish, welfare accrues and the family rejoices for those
who listen to this glorification of mine.
16. ‘Let one listen to this glorification of mine everywhere, at a
propitiatory ceremony, on seeing a bad dream, and when there is the
great evil influence of planets.
17. ‘(By that means) evil protents subside, as also the unfavourable
influence of planets, and the bad dream seen by men turns into a good
18. ‘It creates peacefulness in children possessed by the seizes of
children(i.e., evil spirits), and it is the best promoter of friendship
among men when split occurs in their union.
19. ‘It diminishes most effectively the power of all men of evil ways.
Verily demons, goblins, and ogres are destroyed by its mere chanting.
20-30. ‘This entire glorification of mine draws ( a devotee) very near
to me. And by means of finest cattle, flowers, arghya and incenses, and
by perfumes and lamps, by feeding Brahmanas, by oblations, by sprinkling
(consecrated) water, and by various other offerings and gifts (if one
worships) day and night in a year-the gratificattion, which is done to
me, is attained by listening but once to this holy story of mine. The
chanting and hearing of the story of my manifestations remove sins, and
grant perfect health and protect one from evil spirits; and when my
martial exploit in the form of the slaughter of the wicked daityas is
listened to, men will have no fear from enemies. And the hymns uttered
by you, and those by the divine sages, and those by Brahma bestow a
pious mind. He who is (lost) on a lonesome spot in a forest, or is
surrounded by forest fire, or who is surrounded by robbers in a desolate
sopt, or who is captured by enemies, or who is pursued by a lion, or
tiger, or by wild elephants in a forest, or who, under the orders of a
wrathful kinng, is sentenced to death, or has been imprisoned, or who is
tossed about in his boat by a tempest in the vast sea, or who is in the
most terrible battle under shower of weapons, or who is amidst all kinds
of dreadful troubles, or who is afflicted with pain - such a man on
remembering this story of mine is saved from his strait. Through my
power, lions etc., robbers and enemies, flee from a distance from him
who remembers this story of mine.’
The Rishi said:
31-32. Having spoken thus the adorable Chandika, fierce
in prowess, vanished on that very spot even as the Devas were gazing
33. Their foes having been killed, all the devas also were delivered
from fear; all of them resumed their own duties as before and
participated in their shares of sacrifices.
34-35. When the exceedingly valourous Sumbha and Nisumbha, the most
fierce foes of devas, who brought ruin on the world, and who were
unparallelled in prowess had been slain by the Devi in battle, the
remaining daityas went away to Patala.
36. Thus O King, the adorable Devi, although eternal, incarnating again
and again, protects the world.
37. By her this universe is deluded, and it is she who creates this
universe. And when entreated, she bestows supreme knowledge, and whne
propitiated, whe bestows prosperity.
38. By her, the Mahakali, who takes the form of the great destroyer at
the end of time, all this cosmic sphere is pervaded.
39. She indeed takes the form of the great destroyer at the (proper)
time. She, the unborn, indeed becomes this creation (at the time proper
for re-creation), She herself, the eternal Being, sustains the beings at
40. In times of prosperity, she indeed is Lakshmi, who bestows
prosperity in the homes of men; and in times of misfortune, she herself
becomes the goddess of misfortune, and brings about ruin.
41. When praised and worshipped with flowers, incense, perfumes, etc.,
she bestows wealth and sons, and a mind bent on righteousness and
Here ends the twelfth chapter called ‘Eulogy of the Merits’ of
Devi-mahatmya in the period of Markandya-purana, during the period of
Savarni, the Manu.
The bestowing of boons to Suratha and Vaisya
The Rishi said:
1-2. I have now narrated to you, O King, this sublime
poem on the glory of the Devi.
3. The Devi is endowed with such majestic power. By her this world is
upheld. Knowledge is similarly conferred by her, the illusive power of
4. By her, you, this merchant and other men of discrimination, are being
deluded; and others were deluded (in the past), and will be deluded (in
5. O great King, take refuge in her, the supremem Isvari. She indeed
when worshipped bestows on men enjoyment, heaven and final release (from
Markandeya said (to his disciple Bhaguri):
6-8. O great sage, King
Suratha who had become despondent consequent on his excessive attachment
and the deprivation of his kingdom, and the merchant, having heard this
speech prostrated before the illustrious Rishi of sever penances and
immediately repaired to perform austerities.
9. Both king and the merchant, in order to obtain a vision of Amba,
stationed themselves on the sand-bank of a river and practised penances,
chanting the supreme Devi-sukta (hymn to the Devi).
10. Having made an earthen image of the Devi on the sands of the river,
they both wroshipped her with flowers, incense, fire and libation of
11. Now abstaining from food, and now restraining in their food, with
their minds on ther and with concentration, they both offered sacrifices
sprinkled with blood drawn from their own bodies.
12. When they, with controlled minds propitiated her thus for three
years, Chandika, the upholder of the world, was well pleased and spoke
to them in visible form.
The Devi said:
13-15. What you solicit, O King, and you, the delight of
your family, receive all that from me. Well-leased I bestow those to you
16-17. Then the King chose a kingdom, imperishable even
in another life, and in this life itself, his own kingdom wherein the
power of his enemies is destroyed by force.
18. Then the wise merchant also, whose mind was full of dipassion for
the world, chose tha knowledge which removes the attachment (in the form
of) ‘mine’ and ‘I’.
The Devi said:
19-21. O King, after slaying your foes in a few days, you
shall obtain your own kingodm and it shall last with you there.
22-23. ‘And, when you are dead, you shall gain another birth from the
Deva Vivasvat (Sun), and shall be a Manu on earth by name Savarni.
24-25. ‘and, O the best of merchants, I grant you the boon which you
have desired of me. (Supreme) knowledge shall be yours, for your
26-27. Having thus granted them both the boon that wach
desired, the Devi disappeared forthwith, as they were extolling her with
28-29. Having thus gained the boon from the Devi, Suratha, the foremost
of Ksatriyas, shall obtain a new birth through Surya (and of his wife
Savarna), and shall be the Manu(eighth) named Savarni, shall be the Manu
Here ends the thirteenth chpater called ‘The bestowing of boons to
Suratha and Vaisya’ of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeyapurana, during the
period of Savarni, the Manu.
Here ends the Devi-Mahatmya of 700 Mantras.
OM TAT SAT OM.
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